Robotic surgery is a minimally-invasive type of surgery that uses the services of a robotic arm. The surgeon controls this robotic arm through a computer, allowing her to see inside the body without actually having to make large incisions.
During the procedure, the surgeon makes a few small cuts in order to place the robotic equipment into the body. Next, a camera will be inserted, so the surgeon can see what is happening. Finally, the surgery will begin, and the surgeon uses the computer to control the arm.
Robotic surgery has a lot of advantages over traditional open surgery. It allows the doctor to have much more precision and flexibility when operating, as the robotic arm has more control than a human hand. Because the instruments are so tiny and delicate, more complex procedures can be performed than with traditional surgery.
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery also results in a faster recovery for the patient because the incision sites are smaller. This lowers this risk of surgical site infection, reduces pain and limits blood loss during surgery. Generally, patients will not have to stay in the hospital for very long and will also have smaller scars after healing is complete.
Because robotic surgery allows for greater precision and fewer incisions, it can be used for a number of procedures, including gallbladder removal, kidney transplants or removal, tubal ligation, mitral valve repair, cancer removal and hysterectomies.
For certain complex conditions, however, robotic-assisted surgery is not a good choice.
Typically, most patients only need to stay one to two nights in the hospital after a robotic surgery. Depending on the type of surgery performed, you should be able to walk around and be active shortly afterwards. However, your doctor may place limitations on driving or heavy lifting for a week to give your wound time to heal.
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