A number of diagnostic oncology procedures are available to help determine if you have cancer. Which test you have depends on your age, condition, the severity of symptoms and what type of cancer is suspected. Some of the most common diagnostic procedures include endoscopy, fecal occult blood test, echocardiogram, barium enema, biopsy, bone scan, MRI, colonoscopy, CT scan, mammogram, Pap test, tumor marker tests, and ultrasounds.
Once cancer has been diagnosed, several oncology treatments are available to help stop the spread and removal of the cancer. Once again, the treatment you require depends on your condition and the type of cancer you have.
Some of the more common oncology treatment procedures include blood and marrow transplants for people with leukemia or lymphoma, chemotherapy to kill cancer cells, immunotherapy to get your body to attack cancer cells, radiation therapy to use X-rays to kill cells, and alternative therapies such as acupuncture or massage to pair with traditional treatments.
In many cases, the best approach to treating cancer is through surgical oncology. Surgical oncology can be used to manage symptoms, diagnose problems and even treat the source. Not all patients will qualify for surgical oncology procedures because their tumors may be too big or in too sensitive of a location, or they might be too weak for surgery. Generally, surgical oncology involves removing tumors or moving around organs to make a person more comfortable.
In many cases, oncology procedures can help diagnose cancer before it spreads, making it easier to remove and treat. In this way, oncology treatments can improve overall survival rates and help people live for years after being diagnosed. Even if cancer is not treatable, certain oncology procedures can reduce pain and make a person more comfortable to improve their quality of life.
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